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Criminal Law Discipline

  [Historical Development] The discipline of criminal law of Southwest University of Political Science and Law originated from the Department of Political Law of Southwest People's Revolutionary University established in 1950 and the Criminal Law Teaching and Research Office of Southwest Institute of Political Science and Law (one of the eight teaching and research offices directly under the University) established in 1953. It began to enroll Master's degree students of criminal law in 1979 (one of the earliest disciplines to enroll Master's degree students of criminal law in P.R.China), and was identified as a Provincial Key Discipline in 1995. The Discipline of Criminal Law started offering the doctoral degree in 2000 and began to accept Postdoctoral researchers in 2004. Professor Zhao nianfei, Professor Wu Liucun, Professor Huang guanxiao, Professor Deng Youtian, Professor Dong Xin, Professor Gao Shaoxian, Professor Zhao Changqing, Professor Chen Zhonglin, Professor Li peize, Professor Zhu Qichang, Professor Qiu Xinglong, Professor Zhang Shaoyan, etc. have made outstanding contributions to the construction and development of criminal law discipline. After the University was reopened in 1977, Professor Deng Youtian, Professor Zhao Changqing, Professor Chen Zhonglin, Professor Mei Chuanqiang and Professor Shi Jinghai successively served as discipline leaders .

  

  [Faculty Members] The discipline of criminal law has 38 full-time teachers, all with good education background, professional title and academic background structure. Among them, 35 have doctor's degree; 10 professors and 16 associate professors; 9 doctoral instructors and 22 master's instructors; 29 under the age of 50; graduated from Peking University, Renmin University of China, University of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Southwest University of Political Science and Law, Wuhan University, Jilin University, China University of Political Science and Law, Nanjing Normal University, Waseda University of Japan, and Welzburg University of Germany, etc. Professor Mei Chuanqiang is the Vice President of China Criminal Law Research Association, the second batch young and middle-aged eminent teacher of Chongqing, the academic and technical leader of Chongqing, and the Chongqing Model Teacher; Professor Wang Lirong is the Vice President of China Society of Criminal Law Enforcement, the first batch young and middle-aged eminent teacher of Chongqing; Professor Yuan Lin is the Vice President of China Society of Criminology; Professor Shi Jinghai is the Standing Director of China Society of Criminal Law Research, the second batch top 10 young and middle-aged jurists of Chongqing, the national outstanding teacher of master of law, the fourth group of leading figures of philosophy and Social Sciences in Chongqing, and the academic and technological leader of Chongqing; Professor Chen Wei is the chief expert of the 2018 major project of philosophy and social sciences of the Ministry of Education, the first "Most Influential Young Scholars of Humanities and Social Sciences" in China, and the "Bayu scholars" in Chongqing, the eighth batch of young and middle-aged eminent teachers in Chongqing. The current doctoral instructors are Prof. Mei Chuanqiang, Prof. Shi Jinghai, Prof. Li Yongsheng, Prof. Zhu Jianhua, Prof. Wang Lirong, Prof. Gao Weijian, Prof. Yuan Lin, Prof. Chen Wei, Prof. Jiang Min and Prof. Xu Li (adjunct Professor), etc.

 

 

  [Characteristic Research] The discipline takes the lead in the theory and practice of drug-related crimes and countermeasures, criminal psychology, criminal law enforcement, sentencing and some aspects of basic theories of criminal law.

  (1) Drug-related crimes and countermeasures. With the rampant drug problem in China, the drug-related crime and countermeasures research team led by Prof. Zhao Changqing, Prof. Chen Zhonglin, Prof. Mei Chuanqiang, Prof. Liu Jianhong and Prof. Wang Lirong, etc. has been devoted to the study of drug-related crime since the 1980s. Based on the platform of "Drug-related Crime and Countermeasures Research Center of Southwest University of Political Science and Law" established in 1997, it has compiled and published a two-volume "Drug Control Series" in 1998 (edited by Prof. Zhao Changqing, etc.), which is a collection and comprehensive reflection of the research results of drug-related crimes in China before the middle and late 1990s, was once a gift given to the United Nations Drug Control Agency by China; the new “Drug Control Series” (six volumes in total) (edited by Prof. Liu Jianhong), which was compiled and published in 2014, focuses on the drug problem from the perspective of globalization, China's drug-related crime and counter system, and the prevention and treatment of drug abuse in China, the drug control laws of China and foreign countries have been comprehensively combed, providing important theoretical support for "resolutely winning the drug control people's war in the New Era"; in recent years, Prof. Mei Chuanqiang, Prof. Wang Lirong and many others published lots of works on drug control and criminal policy, drug control mode, judicial problems and so on, enriched the drug problem theoretical research and have made important theoretical contributions in the promotion of drug control . Today, "Drug-related Crime and Countermeasures Research Center" has been built into the first batch of key research bases of Humanities and Social Sciences in Chongqing in 2003 and 2017 respectively, and the "national drug problem governance research center" jointly built by the State Drug Control Commission, the Supreme People's Court and Southwest University of Political Science and Law.

  (2) Research on criminal psychology. The Criminal Psychology Textbook, compiled by the research team of criminal psychology led by Prof. Mei Chuanqiang, is a national textbook of the 12th Five Year Plan (one of the two national textbooks) and the 13th five year plan (the only one in China), which won the third prize of the eighth Excellent Achievement Award of Social Science in Chongqing (2014); the first prize of Excellent Teaching Achievement of Southwest University of Political Science and Law (2019).

  (3) Research on Criminal Enforcement Law. The criminal Enforcement Law Research team led by Prof. Wang Lirong and Prof. Zhang Shaoyan has long been committed to promoting the integration of enforcement of imprisonment sentence, the reasonable framework and operation of forced treatment of special groups, and the follow-up program of special confiscation system. The relevant scientific research achievements have won the first prize of scientific research achievements of the Ministry of Justice and the second prize of scientific research achievements of Chongqing.

  (4) Sentencing research. The sentencing research team led by Prof. Zhu Jianhua, Prof. Wang Lirong and Prof. Shi Jinghai, with Tan Gan, Luo duo, Chen Rongfei and Wang Denghui as the core members, has been committed to the theoretical and practical research of sentencing for a long time, and has made important contributions to enriching the theory of sentencing, improving the phenomenon of "heavy conviction but light sentencing" and promoting the scientific development of the standardized reform of sentencing. In 2013 and 2014, the Intermediate People's Court and the Supreme People's Court of Anshun City, Guizhou Province jointly organized the "Sentencing Research Center" established by the team to hold the national academic seminar on "problems and approaches to the standardized reform of sentencing" and the national seminar on "theory and practice of standardized sentencing". The basic principles of sentencing individualization published by the team in 2010 has successively won the third prize of the third "Excellent Achievement Award of Chinese Law", the third prize of the eighth social science excellent achievement award of Chongqing city and the first prize of the first "National Excellent Academic Work Award of Criminal Law (1984-2014)" of China Criminal Law Research Association. Since 2012, the team has also offered courses of "Sentencing Law" and "Special Sentencing  Topics" for undergraduates and postgraduates of law, thus taking the lead in transforming sentencing theory research into teaching in the country.

  (5) Research on the basic theory of criminal law. Based on the particularity of humanity, Prof. Chen Zhonglin made a new interpretation of the premise and foundation of modern rule of law, including criminal rule of law, as well as the basic categories of freedom, human rights and rule of law. He proposed that modern rule of law is the rule of humanity, the rule of conscience, the rule of common sense, common reason and common conscience, and the view of law education. Based upon the value and technology reconstructed as the adjustment object of the criminal law and the concept of behavior, Prof. Chen has systematically and comprehensively reformed the traditional criminal law theory, made a unique interpretation of the basic categories of criminal law, such as the basic nature of criminal law, the adjustment object, the basic principle, the basic principle of criminal law interpretation, the nature and essential characteristics of crime, the theory of crime composition, the criminal form and the purpose of criminal law. Prof. Zhu Jianhua, Prof. Li Yongsheng, Prof. Mei Chuanqiang and Prof. Lu Youxue have made in-depth research on the system of crime theory and the theory of crime composition. Prof. Chen Wei has made an in-depth study on education penalty, the concept of people's view on criminal law and ecological legal interest. Prof. Yuan Lin, Prof. Gao Weijian, Ass. Prof. Zhang Wuju and so on carried on the multi-dimensional system research to the criminal law explanation. Prof. Jiang Min, Ass. Prof. Liu Peichen, and others have conducted in-depth and systematic research on criminal reconciliation and criminal policy. Ass. Prof. Chen Shiwei, Ass. Prof. Ren Haitao and Ass. Prof. Ding Shengming conducted in-depth and systematic research on the issue of joint crime.

  

  [Research Base] The discipline now has "Drug-related Crime and Countermeasures Research Center" (established in 1997, the first batch of key research bases of Humanities and Social Sciences in Chongqing in 2003, and jointly established with the National Drug Control Commission and the Supreme People's Court in 2017 as "National Drug Problem Governance Research Center"), "Organized Crime Research Center" (established in 2010, school level research center), "Sentencing Research Center" (established in 2011, school level research center), "Research Center for the Protection of the Rights of Special Groups and Crime Prevention" (established in 2013, school level research center), "Juvenile Law Research Center" (established in 2011, school level research center), "Financial Criminal Law Research Center" (established in 2015, school level research center), "Foreign and Comparative Criminal Law Research Center" (established in 2016, school level research center). These research bases have become an important platform to support the development of discipline characteristics by gathering relevant research forces.

 

  [Talent Training] The discipline has always adhered to a rigorous and pragmatic style of study, to the concept of combining theory with practice, inherited and innovated the spirit of scholarship, and trained many well-known alumni. Vice President Li Shaoping of Supreme People’s Court, Vice Minister Xiong Xuanguo of Ministry of Justice, Former Vice President Hu Yunteng of Supreme People’s Court, Prof. Chen Zhonglin, Prof. Wu Dahua, Prof. Xiang Chaoyang, Prof. Qiu Xinglong, Prof. Wei Dong, Prof. Zeng Yuexing, Dean Wen Changzhi, etc. are all graduate students of Master's degree or Doctor's degree in this discipline. In addition, Prof. Chen Zexian, Prof. Qi Wenyuan, Prof. Ruan Qilin, Prof. Sun Guoxiang and Prof. Feng Yadong are also well-known alumni of the school.

  

  Currently, the discipline of criminal law recruits more than 80 academic Master's degree students, more than 10 Doctoral degree students and more than 100 Master's degree students in criminal law practice every year. The Criminal Law Course is “Chongqing Excellent Course” (2004), “Chongqing Postgraduate Excellent Course” (2008), “Chongqing Excellent Resource-sharing Course” (2012), “Chongqing Excellent On-line Open Course” (2014); The Criminal Law (general) course and The Criminal Law(topics) course is “Chongqing Postgraduate Excellent Course” (2013 and 2015); the criminal law teaching team earned the title of “Chongqing Excellent Teaching Team “(2008). In 2014, the academic graduate students of "three teachers in one class" seminar style, salon style teaching reform of "General Theory of Criminal Law" and "Topics of Criminal Law", which began to explore and practice, has become the model of graduate teaching reform of Southwest University of Political Science and Law. At the national seminar of "Graduate Teaching Reform of Law" held in May 2019, they were highly praised by participants from Renmin University of China, China University of Political Science and Law, Nankai University Fudan University, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Jinan University and East China University of Political Science and Law. The discipline has established more than 90 corresponding teaching and scientific research practice bases in the national practice departments and hired more than 30 senior practical experts from the national judicial system as practice mentors to jointly create high-level legal talents with profound professional knowledge and practical ability.

  Now, together with the discipline of criminal procedure law, the discipline is actively exploring the high-end practical application talents training mode of joint training with the No.1 Intermediate People's Court of Chongqing and the No.5 Chongqing Procuratorate for master of law students. Specifically, 30 freshmen who pass the National Judicial Examination are selected to practice in the court or procuratorate during the daytime of the first academic year (undertake systematic assistant work), return to school in the evening and weekend of working day to solve outstanding problems such as lack of practice time, conflict between practice and learning time, similarity of learning mode and undergraduate course during postgraduate period, disconnection of teaching theory and practice, lack of practical ability, and weak professional ethics.